Recurring theme in academic and business discussions, internal alignment is treated as a critical success factor of an enterprise or failure when it is nonexistent.

In general, it is understood by aligning the situation in which there is the adherence of the organizational elements (structure, culture and people) to the current business strategy, with a view to its implementation.

Once there is the aforementioned alignment, the organization will be able to drive the strategy traced to effective action, as long as supported by an effective control system and an efficient decision making process.

However, the alignment process is more complex than it seems because it involves continuous preventive and corrective measures. After all, it is difficult task (but rewarding) combine a relevant structural arrangement with a high-performance culture and people equipped with the skills needed to achieve the organizational objectives.

To illustrate the impact of non-alignment, just think that, throughout history, business organizations, military, religious and even nations have succumbed to its competitors due to the absence of the resulting alignment:

1. Structure with improper adjustment

2. Weak organizational culture

3. People wrong in the wrong places

Also in relation to the existence of wrong people in the wrong places, it is necessary to assess whether the process of managing skills is adhering to the strategy, because it is from this that we obtain the necessary inputs for other people management processes (recruitment and selection, development, performance evaluation, etc.).

Moreover, a special attention point refers to the formation of structures and informal groups, because this is where often the enemy is formed and establishes draining the competitive potential of the organization.

So it is up to the general institutions observe the existence of the alignment of its constituent elements of competitive strategy in order to ensure the necessary adjustments in time. Even that is not 100% guaranteed, the effectiveness of the strategy implementation with proper alignment is more likely that without this.