The term film is used today to describe two things: a thin flexible strip of plastic or other material coated with light-sensitive emulsion for exposure in a camera, used to produce photographs or motion as well as a story or event recorded by a camera.
The term film was first used in the 1890s with the invention of the first motion picture cameras alongside the establishment of the first film production companies and cinemas. The first films of the 189s lasted on average a minute, in black and white and contained no sound until 1927 when sound was incorporated into motion pictures. The history of film began in the 1890s, with the invention of the first motion-picture cameras and the establishment of the first film production companies and cinemas.
In 1872, a man named Eadweard Muybridge began experimenting on how to capture moving images. His first experiment included 12 cameras placed on a racing track and attached thread to the cameras shutter. As the racehorse ran past its legs broke the thread causing the cameras to operate in sequence. The result was 12 images of a horse's gait. He used a previous invention named the Zoopraxiscope to project the images creating what we know as motion photography.
Two men named George Eastman and William H. Walker created the very first reel of film in 1885. Film was sensitized paper created with a gelatin emulsion. One year later it was replaced by a synthetic plastic material called celluloid, which was invented in the 1870's used in the chemical compound cellulose nitrate.
Two more film related devices were invented and with the invention of the Cinematographe, more and more people were rushing to create the next big invention, which could surpass what had been created so far in the history of film.
The transition of film into the 1900's was stimulated by the increasing competition among the many inventors. Film was easy to reproduce and many used propaganda in cinemas. Film was overall extremely appealing to most growing cities.