The Gaza conflict is not over yet but it is already possibleto notice within Israeli society, an incipientversion of economic McCarthyism. Regardless of the ethical and historic considerationsrelated to the application of economic pressure, these sort of internal policiescould have serious impacts on the state of Israel. In other words, it'sa political double-edged sword.

Firstly, what do I mean when speaking about "McCarthyism"? Let me startwith a few examples:

Layoffs: Internet surfers who openly express minority view (i.e. criticising theactions of the Israeli government) who were dismissed from their jobs.

Boycott: Mr. Lieberman, the Israeli Foreign Ministers called a week ago to boycott the Arab businesses (20% of the population) that took part in the strike in protest againstthe government´s policy in Gaza

Control: Ben Gurion University announced that it will monitor its staff expressionsand views along the social networks (i.e., outside classroom or Campuses!!!).

Now, economic pressures (dismissal, boycott, indirect threats) related to maintainminority political ideas is an unethical, and illegal practice. Above all, it degeneratesa society into a a climate of constant fear and political unrest that does not matchthe fundamentals of the rule of law.

Nevertheless it is better to focus on REAL Politics, i.e.

how measuresare counterproductive in terms of macro politics and how an internal McCarthyismlegitimizes the use of economic pressures to achieve political ends home and abroad.

The call for economic pressures against Israel isnothing new. For some time, many European and American organizations under the titlegeneric title of BDS (Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions), consider that the onlyway to force Israel to make the concessions toward the Palestinians is togenerate a constant economic pressure.

The idea of leveraging economy in orderto achieve political ends is not new, and just a few examples will prove that: Some200 years ago Napoleon implemented an economic blockade against the United Kingdom. In other words, Gandhi called for a boycott of British goods in India. Anyhow, theassumption behind the call for boycott is reinforced by the perception that the Apartheidsystem in South Africa collapsed following a constant economic boycott.

It is believedthat the same logic (pressure) should be correct in the Israeli case.

It is noteworthy that most of the governments, and prominent figures like Prof.Noam Chomsky, are strongly opposed to this sort of pressure. The arguments normallyrely on the "ethical" perspective which claims that any undiscerning measure is before anything else an undeserved "punishment" for a population; even in the actions of the democratically elected. Accordingto this thesis, it is the Israeli population who should force their government tochange course through political action.

Now, if the very Israeli government, or rather a member of the highest politicalhierarchy calls for boycott and economic pressure, how can one oppose this measurewhen it comes from abroad?

The moral standard is clear: if a tool is legitimate within the Israeli society,then it is a correct tool to deal in the international reign? Isn't it a sort ofdouble standard morality by assuming that " what is permitted for me is prohibitedfor the rest"?

Furthermore, the internal McCarthyism raises questions over the argument which claimsthe exclusive right of Israeli citizens to decide. First of all, following the atrocitiesalong WWII, the international community decided that there are limits on what governmentsare allowed to do in the name of national sovereignty. Not everything is permitted.Still, sovereignty is based upon the moral basis of the right of the citizens tofreely review and oppose to their government (Otherwise, Sovereignty is just a façadeor a disguise for political oppression) Now, if the rules are broken, you can break them all.

Therefore, whoever calls for disciplinary action or support of economic punishmentsfor dissidents, transforms the economic boycott into a legitimate political weapon.In this sense, Israel as a small country and economically speaking very open nation (i.e.exports and imports account for a large chunk of its economic activity) is veryvulnerable to this type of action and a boycott could have serious consequencesfor its economy.