La Specola Anatomical Collection - Via Romana, 17, Florence, Italy

La Specola is the largest wax anatomical collection in the world and is housed at the Museum of Natural History. The detailed models were first collected by the Medici Family and it was opened to the public in 1775. Of particular interest are wax anatomical versions of Venus, posing in semi-erotic poses, with their stomachs and ribcages pulled open, which were apparently a favourite of the Marquis de Sade.