Cappadocia is located in the Nevsehire Province of Central Anatolia, Turkey. This is a place where entire cities were carved from the volcanic rock. It now looks like an alien desert, frozen in time. The rock formations were created by volcanic eruptions and erosion over the centuries. The rock was soft enough to make it easy to dig into it to create a home or church. They have been used as a hiding place for Christians escaping the Romans and have been home to Byzantine Christian monks.