After the conquest of Egypt in 30 BC, Rome became obsessed with Egyptian artefacts and architecture. There were two pyramids built, but only this one remains. It was originally surrounded by columns and two bronze figures, which are now in the Musei Capitolini. The pyramid was built as the tomb of Gaius Cestius Epulo, a praetor and official of the public banquets in the Poblilian district. Those wishing to enter the pyramid require special permission.