Based on a new study, it´s believed that the solar system might be permeated by long filaments of dark matter. Although many studies in space and matter have been made, scientists have not been able to detect this type of matter. The best calculations predict that this matter is made of fine-grained streams of particles moving at the same speed and orbiting galaxies.
Gravity and invisible material
During galaxy formation, gravity and dark matter retain the same velocity; however, based on computer simulations, when dark material passes through a planet, gravity turns the stream of dark matter particles into a thin filament; the filament that sprouts from the planet contains both; a root and a tip.
Filaments of material
When a stream of dark particles crosses the earth´s core, they form the root of the filament, which extends for about 1 million km (600,000 miles) away from earth, while the stream of particles that interact with the earth´s outer crust from the tip of the filament, extending twice the distance of the root.
This type of particles are an undetectable form of material that does not interact with electromagnetic radiation, thus, it´s invisible in the optical spectrum. It comprises approximately 27% of the total amount of mass in the universe. It´s existence is deduced from its interaction with gravity. Dark matter and dark energy constitute about 95% of the mass energy content, while only 5% is observable matter.
How do they know there is dark material in space?
Scientists deduce the existence of this matter by observations, such as in gravitational lensing when the light coming from a background source, such as a galaxy, is bent by a massive object. The light bends when it passes through the massive object. The distortions observed, provide the light to matter ratios, the non-visible matter corresponds to the densities of matter.
It´s believed that if the exact location of the formation of the root of one of the dark matter filaments could be predicted, a probe could be launched to study this dense source of dark matter. A stream of dark matter particles interacting with Jupiter could create denser root filaments, trillions of times denser than the ordinary material.
The various densities present inside the earth structure would be replicated in the filaments as they go through these layers and that would represent clues for information related to a planet´s formation. This kind of stuff has gone undetected for more than 3 decades. The dense filaments of dark matter would be an ideal place to start learning about this strange kind of matter. #Nuclear Energy #Stars #Astrophysics